15 Days The Great Tanzania Southern Heritage Cultural Safari.

Nairobi /Serengeti / Lake Victoria/ Tabora/ Kigoma/ Iringa/ Dar Es Salaam and Zanziabar. In their constant search for slaves, Arab traders began to penetrate farther into the interior, more particularly in the southeast toward Lake Nyasa.

From the Nyamwezi country the Arabs pressed on to Lake Tanganyika in the early 1840s. Tabora (or Kazé, as it was then called) and Ujiji, on Lake Tanganyika, became important trading centers, and a number of Arabs made their homes there. They did not annex these territories but occasionally ejected hostile chieftains.

Mirambo, an African chief who built for himself a temporary empire to the west of Tabora in the 1860s and '70s, effectively blocked the Arab trade routes when they refused to pay him tribute. His empire was purely a personal one, however, and collapsed on his death in 1884. The Maji Maji Resistance of 1905–1907 which temporarily united a number of southern tribes ended only after an estimated 120,000 Africans had died from fighting or starvation. Research has shown that traditional hostilities played a large part in the resistance.

Nairobi /Arusha Masai / Olasiti Lodge (HB).

Day1. Upon arrival at the airport you will be received by our representative who will transfer you to your hotel for dinner and overnight.

Serengeti N/P Kusini Tented Camp (FB).

Day2. Depart to Serengeti after breakfast. The Serengeti hosts the largest concentration of wildlife in the world, and is home to one of the great wonders in the world, the Great Migration. Over a million wildebeest and some 600,000 zebra move through the eco-system, with lion, leopard, cheetah, hyena, wild dog and crocodile making sure only the strongest survive. Here are the famous Serengeti plains - endless grasslands where lion and cheetah find perfect hunting grounds.

Stop over at Olduvai Gorge an archaeological site located in the eastern Serengeti Plains, which is in northern Tanzania. The gorge is a very steep sided ravine roughly 30 miles long and 295 ft. deep. Exposed deposits show rich fossil fauna, many hominid remains and items belonging to the one of the oldest stone tool technologies, called Olduwan. The time span of the objects recovered date from 2,100,000 to 15,000 years ago.

A stay in tented Camp is not about luxury though. It's about something more than that. Being in the middle of this wonderful spectacle, with wild animals roaming around camp at night, is a dream come true to even the most experienced of travelers.

Lake Victoria-Mwanza Pamba Hotel (FB).

Day3 & 4. Depart after breakfast to Mwanza to visit the the Bujora Church founded in 1952 as a site where Sukuma traditions were used to teach the Catholic liturgy. Bujora remains an important center for adaptation. Adaptation is the teaching of the Catholic liturgy through indigenous cultural terms. Church services at Bujora include Sukuma music and dance. In addition, the Bujora Church is the first in Usukuma to be built in the shape of a traditional round house. Bujora has also maintained practices of adaptation during religious festivals.

In several Catholic parishes in Usukuma, priests attracted the unconverted public during the Feast of Corpus Christi, a Catholic ceremony to celebrate the Eucharist. In the ceremony, flowers are thrown at the "body" of Christ at intervals during a long processional walk. Today, the Feast of Corpus Christi ritual is called Bulabo in Kisukuma, which means "flowers." The ceremony coincides with the beginning of the Sukuma dance season, which takes place from June to August after the harvest of local crops. This mix of Christian religion and traditional ceremony attracted many Sukuma individuals to Catholicism.

Tabora Orion Tabora Hotel (FB).

Day5 &6. After breakfast depart to Tabora an important inland trading centre since the 13th & 14th century. Chief Mirambo, a local warlord, turned the supremacy in long-distance trading and porterage into a political, economic and military system by uniting the numerous Nyamwezi clans into a powerful kingdom in 1870 with its capita) in Urambo.

Between 1876 and 1881 he undertook missions to make alliances with neighbouring rulers and led expeditions to Burundi, the Vinza and Tongwe in the West, the Pimbwe and Konongo in the South, the Nyaturu, Iramba and Sukuma in eastern Tanzania, and to Kabaka Mutesa of Uganda.Using Ngoni mercenaries - the 'ruga-ruga' - his rule extended from the Northwest Buganda border to Lake Tanganyika and covered the area south of Tabora down to Uvinza. To consolidate his power he made an alliance with the sultan of Zanzibar but constant incidents led to the Sultan withdrawing his support, and Mirambo's kingdom disintegrated after his death in 1884. Henry Morton Stanley (Missionary & Explorer) called him the 'Napoleon of Central Africa'.

5 kilometres south-west of Tabora is Kwihara, formerly known as Kazeh and an important town in the slave trade until the Germans started developing Tabora. Kazeh's best-known visitors were David Livingstone and Sir Henry Morton Stanley, who were highly impressed by the town of Kazeh. There is a small museum dedicated to Dr. Livingstone, the Livingstone Museum.

Kigoma Hiltop Hotel (FB).

Day7 &8. Transfer to the airport for a flight to Kigoma where upon arrival you will be transferred to your hotel. While at Kigoma you will visit Ujiji where the words "Dr Livingstone, I presume" were spoken by Henry Morton Stanley. The site where this is thought to have occured is marked by a plaque, between the town and the shore, on Livingstone Street. There are also two mango trees that are supposed to have been grafted from the one under which they met. Depart to Gombe National Park by boat the next day, game viewing and chimpanzee tracking Climb the Kakombe waterfalls & Jane's peak. Meals and accommodation in the camp

Iringa Isimila Hotel (FB).

Day9 & 10. Transfer after breakfast by boat to Kigoma, upon arrival you will be transferred to the airport for a flight to Iringa. Upon arrival you will be transferred to your hotel. Historically, Iringa was a centre of colonial administration. During German occupation, the German military constructed the town as a fortified defence against marauding Hehe tribal warriors intent on driving them out of the region. Gangilonga Rock, a site just outside of the town, is a legendary spot where the Hehe chief at that time, Chief Mkwawa, met with his people and decided how to fight the Germans. Iringa was also the site of several battles during the First and Second World Wars, and Commonwealth War Graves are located just outside of town.

It was near here that in 1894, Hehe Chief Mkwawa built a 13km long and four metre high stockade in an attempt to fight off the advance of German colonization. In 1898, after nine years of harassing the Germans in a series of guerrilla skirmishes, Mkwawa was cornered, and committed suicide by shooting himself through the head. His skull was sent to Germany, repatriated in 1954, and now forms one of the main (somewhat grisly) exhibits in the Mkwawa Memorial Museum at nearby Kalenga.

Dar Es-Salaam Mikadi Beach (HB ).

Day 11 &12. After breakfast drive to Dar Es Salaam.
Bagamoyo which is home to the Kaole ruins. Bagamoyo was the major slave trading post in East Africa. Bagamoyo, which means ‘lay down your heart’ in Swahili, was probably given this name because Bagamoyo was the last place the slaves would stay in Tanzania before being shipped off to foreign lands. Bagamoyo was recently designated as Tanzania’s seventh world heritage site and is the oldest town in Tanzania.

Bagamoyo's history has been influenced by Arab and Indian traders, the German colonial government and Christian missionaries. Although Bagamoyo is no longer the busy port city that it once was, Tanzania’s Department of Antiquities is working to revitalize the town and maintain the dozens of ruins in and around Bagamoyo. Return to Dar Es- Salaam late afternoon.

Zanzibar Stone Town Tembo House Hotel (HB).

Day 13 &14. Transfer to the port after breakfast, board a luxury speed boat Zanzibar. Upon arrival you will be received by our representative who will transfer you to the hotel. Historical, architectural and cultural sites of beautiful Old Stone Town. The narrow winding streets are lined with stores selling local crafts, antiques, jewellery, clothes and spices. The Orphanage Shop near the Old Fort sells crafts and paintings made by local artists and the orphans themselves. The half day Tour includes visits to the Town Market, Old Slave Market, National Museum, High Court, Slave Chambers, Old German Consulate, Former English Gentlemen’s club, House of Wonders, Old Fort, Sultan’s Palace, Livingstone House and anywhere else your interest lies.

You will see Zanzibar's bustling market, winding alleyways, ornately carved and studded doors, two cathedrals and countless mosques. Stone Town has excellent gifts shops with plenty of souvenirs and handicrafts for you to delight your friends and family.

Zanzibar Departure.

Day15. You will be transferred to the airport for departure.

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